During the summit in Sicily, G7 leaders retained the appearance of unity. Thanks to common words about trade, migration and international crises, they were able to prevent a split in G7.
At the conclusion of the G-7 summit, German Chancellor Angela Merkel was frank: the discussion on the overall commitment of all participants to the summit of the Paris Climate Agreement was “extremely unsatisfactory.” Of the seven most industrialized countries, all but the US, in the final declaration, stressed the importance of implementing the commitments undertaken in Paris. “We were six against one,” Angela Merkel said. Nobody was ready to compromise on this issue, it was a very difficult conversation.
President of the United States Donald Trump meanwhile announced that he will decide next week , Will the United States remain in the Paris climate agreement. Signs of whether this decision of Washington will be positive or negative, no, explained the Chancellor of Germany. A similar statement was made by the host of the summit, Italian Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni.
Many hours of trying to convince the leaders of the Trump countries were in vain. The President of France Emmanuel Macron tried to do this, reminding Trump that even China had joined the Paris Climate Agreement by ratifying it, however This did not become a convincing argument for Trump. At the same time, Makron noted that he does not want to lose faith in international cooperation. In the end, it was his first G7 summit.
G7: Complicated debate on trade
After the attack that Donald Trump made on the German automobile industry before the meeting in Taormina, there were fears that the G-7 would be completely disjointed in the issue of trade. However, after very serious negotiations, “as the Chancellor of the FRG described them, the parties reached a minimum consensus.
So, in their joint declaration, G7 leaders condemn protectionism, which, in fact, is at variance with Trump’s vision. After all, he threatened earlier with the US withdrawal from international trade agreements. The leaders of the other six states have secured in the final declaration of the summit the proclamation of adherence to the multilateral trading system and its institutions. In the statement, G7 leaders pledged to “leave their markets open,” and at the same time “actively fight unfair trade practices.” This, for example, concerns China’s dumping policy in the metals market.
Trump tried to strengthen the tough position of the G-7 regarding the DPRK. “We will decide this once,” he announced. Europeans, in turn, wanted to see the condemnation of Russia for its role in the Ukrainian crisis. Before the summit there were rumors that the American president might want to lift sanctions against Russia. At the end of the meeting, this was no longer the case – Trump’s inclination to support Putin seemed to evaporate. Now G7 threatens Russia with even more stringent countermeasures, if it continues to ignore Minsk agreements with Ukraine.
The deceived host of the G7 summit
Paolo Gentiloni finally delivered another blow to the guest from Washington. “The US chose Trump, we must take this into account,” he said after the talks. To his dismay, the Americans, from the very beginning, rejected the long declaration on migrants and refugees that Italy had prepared. There are only a few dry sentences, which the German chancellor called “smart.” Now they said that “refugees have human rights, but we also need to protect their borders.”
Prime Minister of Italy was also upset that Trump demonstratively indifferently reacted to his explanations regarding the crises in Africa and the invited heads of African states. The US president did not even wear headphones to listen to the translation of Gentiloni’s speech. It was Trump’s rudeness in his errant trip to European partners. The preparation of many Italians who wanted the summit to be successful in dealing with migration issues and offered support to the crisis African states was in vain.
Therefore, the G-7 was not one step closer to solving many global crises. The group was able to avoid the final collapse.